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DEPARTMENTS AND LABORATORIES

 Departments and Laboratories

Department of New Technologies for Energy Storage

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Within the tasks of Department of New Technologies for Energy Storage are:

  • Research, R&D, technology and application work in the field of:
    • lithium battries and cells
    • alkaline batteries (NiMH, NiCd, nickel-zinc and silver-oxide batteries)
    • fuel cells
    • PV cells
    • electrochemical capacitors;
       
  • Development of hybride power sources, including the application of renewable energy sources;
     
  • Design, synthesis, modification, physicochemical and electrochemical characterization of hydrogen storage materials, including multicomponent metal alloys, carbon-carbon composites, carbon-metal/carbon-metal oxide and conducting polymer-metal/carbon nanostructure;

 

Element content analysis of C/N/H/S/O in solid samples;

Testing and assessment of materials used in energy storage devices;

Electrochemical characterization of materials used in energy storage devices;

High-energy milling;

Charge and discharge characteristics for batteries, cells and electrochemical capacitors;

Expert consultancy on lithium batteries, alkaline batteries, electrochemical capacitors, fuel cells and PV cells;

Expert assessment of commercial lithium batteries and cells, alkaline batteries and electrochemical capacitors;

Manufacture and testing of small scale laboratory alkaline cells (button and prismatic shape);

Precise testing using variety of electroanalytical techniques;

Material pulverizing by cyclic hydrogen absorption-desorption;

Efficiency testing of photovoltaic cells in outdoor conditions;

Efficiency testing of fuel cells (up to 500W);

Multichannel potentiostat/galvanostat with a module for impedance tests TYPE: VMP-3 (BioLogic)
Multichannel potentiostat/galvanostat with a module for impedance tests TYPE: VMP-3 (BioLogic)

Very high measurement accuracy - a basic current range from  10 μA to 400 mA the accuracy is ± 760 pA.

The multichannel device enables simultaneous testing of

21 samples:
in the current range from 10 μA to 400 mA (accuracy 760 pA);
in the voltage range ± 20 V (window max 20V of accuracy 5 μV).

4 samples:
in the current range from 10 μA to 5 A (accuracy<0,1% of scale);
in the voltage range ±20 V (window max 20V accuracy <0,1% skali).

1 sample:
in the current range from 10 μA to 20 A (accuracy <0,1% skali);
in the voltage range ±20 V (window max 20V accuracy 5 μV).

Moreover, 8 measuring channels have EIS analysis module in the range from 10 µHz to 1 MHz with a possibility to boost the channel operation to 20 A and ± 20 V.

Multichannel fuel cell tester TYPE: PowerStation™ Ultima (Electrochem)
Multichannel fuel cell tester TYPE: PowerStation™ Ultima  (Electrochem)

PS Ultima is a three-module device destinated to complete testing of PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane) fuel cells. The device operates in the ranges as follow:

Reaction gas temperature: 10 - 90°C
Fuel cell temperature: od 10 do 90°C
Gas pressure: od 0 bar do 4,5 bar
Fuel and oxidizer flow speed: max 2000 ml/min (at 100% humidifying at 75°C)

A control unit allows for simultaneous control of flow parameters of five independent fuel cells. It is possible to turn off the humidifying process of reaction gas for one stand.

PS Ultima has also a electric measurement module of parametres:

Power– max 800W;
Voltage measurement range: 0-10V( accuracy 0,5%), 0-20V(accuracy 0,25%) and 0-50V(accuracy 0,25%);
Current measurement range: 0 – 2A (accuracy 0,5%), 0-20A (accuracy 0,25%) and 0 - 150 A (accuracy 0,25%);

It is possible to connect other measuring systems as for example potentiostats/galvanostats VMP-3 with its own parametres and testing programmes.
The device allows for DMFC systems testing.

CHNS ELEMENTAR ANALYSER TYPE: Vario Micro Cube CHNS (Elementar Analysensysteme)
CHNS ELEMENTAR ANALYSER TYPE: Vario Micro Cube CHNS (Elementar Analysensysteme)

The device serve to simultaneous C,H,N,S elements determination using a Thermal Conductivity Detector from one sample. Apart from analyser, the device includes: microbalance (Mettler Toledo), a calculate-control unit and a system for oxygen marking.

The determination ranges:

C: 0,004 – 10 mg C
H: 0,002 – 2 mg H
N: 0,001 – 2 mg N
S: 0,005 – 1 mg S
O: 0,005 – 2 mg O

Single-zone tube furnace TYPE: PR-90/1300
Single-zone tube furnace TYPE: PR-90/1300

The tube furnace has the following parameters:

Maximal furnace temperature: 1250°C;
Maximal operating temperature with use of quartz reactor: 1150°C;
Temperature stability in spot: ≤1°C;
Quartz reactive tube:  55 mm, L=ok.1200mm;
Length of homogenous temperature zone ±10oC: L=250 mm;
Gas systems:

  • rotameter Brooks N2 50 dcm3/h
  • rotameter Brooks CO2 30 dcm3/h
  • rotameter Brooks C2H2 20 dcm3/h

Compact arc furnace TYPE: MAM-1 (Edmund Bühler GmbH)
Compact arc furnace TYPE: MAM-1 (Edmund Bühler GmbH)

The arc furnace is dedicated to melting of metallic samples of laboratory scale (sample weight of ca. 10g)

Smelting temperature is 3500°C. Smelting is performed in argon atmosphere under 1.5 bar pressure.

Ash house capacity: 1.1 dm3.

High-power ball mill TYPE: SPEX 8000M (SPEX SamplePrep LLC)
High-power ball mill TYPE: SPEX 8000M (SPEX SamplePrep LLC)

The ball mill SPEX SamplePrep 8000-series Mixer/Mills is laboratory equipment enabling grounding of samples of ca. 10g.

During grounding the high-power ball mill makes samples viber (1080 vibrations per minute) and the balls make very frequent 8-shape movements.

Multichannel potentiostats/galvanostats
Multichannel potentiostats/galvanostats

The devices enable electrochemical measurements of systems in the current range from 2µA to 12A at max. voltage 6V.

Hybrid power source for equipment used for recue and evacuation missions.

Timeframe: 2013-2015
Project is realized by consortium:

  • Akademia Marynarki Wojennej (leader)
  • Impact Clean Technology
  • IMN division Poznan, CLAiO

The aim of the project is to design and prepare a demonstrator of a hybrid power source which should power up equipment used during rescue and evacuation missions. The power source idea is based on mixing different electrochemical systems for storage and generation of energy. The power source should present power enough to fulfill directives set by 173 NATO Research and Technology Organization – 100-500W for small and 500-2000W for mobile applications.

Leader for the tasks set for the IMN Division Poznan, CLAiO : M.Sc (Eng.) P. Swoboda

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Synthesis and electrochemical properties of polypyrrole/carbon nanostructures composites.

Timeframe: 2013-2016

The aim of the project is to prepare carbon nanostructures using CVD method (Catalytic Vapor Deposition), using as the catalysts different iron compounds and acetylene serving as the carbon source. Both, obtained carbon nanostructure and commercial carbon nanotubes will be used to make polypyrrole composites. The composite compositions will be optimized for usage of those materials as an electrode materials for electrochemical capacitors – to obtain highest capacity, energy and power.


Intercalation of lithium ions as a method for obtaining electrode materials for high-energy electrochemical capacitors.

Timeframe: 2014-2017

The aim of the project is to produce electrode materials for use in high-energy electrochemical capacitors. As the main method of obtaining lithium ions intercalation process is selected. Additionally, the project focuses on chemical exfoliation of graphite in order to obtain materials with graphene structure (called graphene-like materials). Due to the use of organic electrolytes (with extended operating voltage) it will be also possible to obtain the high energy values. Performing a series of physicochemical and electrochemical studies aims to determine the most favorable conditions for the production of new electrode materials (i.e., exfoliation method, the parameters of the process) as well as to determine the optimum working parameters of these materials for energy storage and conversion.

Project Leader: Ph.D. I.Acznik


New types of carbon-metal composites for electrochemical hydrogen storage.

Timeframe: 2014-2017

The aim of the project is designing and preparation of carbon/hydrogen storage metal alloy composites. Physicochemical and electrochemical parameters of those composites will be defined for use as new electrode materials. Change of the materials parameters both by the composition of the metal alloy and the MH/C composite may led to obtaining higher energy densities for those materials.

Project leader: M.Sc (Eng) P. Swoboda


Advanced technologies of manufacturing functional materials applied to energy conduction, treatment and storage.  

Project is conducted within NCBiR (Polish National Center of Research and Development)
Timeframe: 2009-2014
Project is conducted within Operational Programme Innovative Economy 2007 - 2013
Project coordinator: PhD. M. Woch, Prof. IMN (IMN Gliwice)
Priority 1. Research and development of modern technologies
Action 1.3. Support of R&D projects aimed at enterprises by scientific institutions
Subaction 1.3.1 Development projects.

The project includes research issues, in particular of applicatory character, on metal and composite materials applied to the energy area. It is a wide economic and social field having a key role in the development of modern civilizations. The term “ENERGY” understood as new energy sources, treatment and saving of energy forms is a question of priority for many global programs, included EU Framework Programs and Strategy of National Development as well.

Field of Action 2: Advanced technologies of manufacturing functional materials applied to energy conduction, treatment and storage (4 of 6 actions are conducted by IMN CLAiO)

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Advanced materials and technologies of their production.

Project is conducted within: MNiSW
Timeframe: 2010-2014
Project is conducted within Operational Programme Innovative Economy 2007 - 2013. Project coordinator:: Prof. dr inż. Z. Śmieszek (IMN Gliwice)
Priority 1. Research and development of modern technologies
Action 1.1. Support of research for creation of knowledge-based economy
Subaction 1.1.2 Strategic programs for research and development actions

The project is conducted by Consortium:

  • Institute of Non-Ferrous Metals (Leader)
  • University of Technology, Department of Mechanics
  • Silesian University of Technology, Department of Material Engineering and Metallurgy •Warsaw University of Technology, Department of Material Engineering
  • AGH University of Science and Technology, Department of Non-Ferrous Metals
  • Institute of Metallurgy and  Material Engineering PAN
  • Foundry Research Institute
  • Institute of Electronic Materials Technology

The aim of the project is to use the new achievements of modern material engineering to create basis and scope of innovatory material and technology solutions for industries from the non-ferrous domain. This field of action includes not only strictly non-ferrous industry, but also many other business industries related therewith as electronics, photonics, transport, energetics and energy storage.

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PhD Katarzyna Lota

tel.:+48 61 27 97 808       
mobile: +48 510 273 460
e-mail :  katarzyna.lota@claio.poznan.pl